UK lawmakers warn citizens' rights at risk in no-deal Brexit

British lawmaker Alberto Costa, centre, gathers with a cross-party delegation of British parliamentarians before meeting European Union chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier, at the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Friday, July 19, 2019. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
FILE - In this Monday, May 20, 2019 file photo, the European Union's chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier adjusts his glasses after talking to the media with Cyprus' foreign minister Nicos Christodoulides at the foreign ministry in Nicosia, Cyprus. Britain is due to leave the EU on Oct. 31, but Parliament has rejected the government's divorce deal with the bloc. The bloc insists it won’t change the 585-page withdrawal agreement, which sets out the terms of Britain’s departure and includes a transition period of almost two years to allow both sides to adjust to their new relationship. “This document is the only way to leave the EU in an orderly manner,” EU Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier told the BBC in an interview broadcast Thursday, July 18, 2019. (AP Photo/Petros Karadjias)
German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends her annual sommer press conference in Berlin, Germany, Friday, July 19, 2019. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
British lawmaker Alberto Costa, second left, along with a cross-party delegation of British parliamentarians talk to journalists after meeting European Union chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier at the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Friday, July 19, 2019. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)

BRUSSELS — British lawmakers met the European Union's chief Brexit negotiator on Friday, seeking an iron-clad guarantee that the 1.3 million U.K. citizens in the bloc won't have their rights removed and their lives disrupted if Britain leaves the EU without a deal.

The rights of U.K. citizens living in the 27 other EU nations, and those of the more than 3 million EU citizens in Britain, are one of the thorniest issues of the Brexit negotiations.

Their rights to live, work and study are protected under an agreement struck between the two sides — but the divorce agreement has been rejected by Britain's Parliament, raising the prospect of a no-deal Brexit.

The U.K. is due to leave the bloc on Oct. 31, and both men vying to take over as prime minister next week, Boris Johnson and Jeremy Hunt, say it's imperative that Brexit happens, with or without a deal.

Conservative lawmaker Alberto Costa, who led the cross-party delegation that met EU negotiator Michel Barnier in Brussels, said "if there's no agreement, there's no protection."

"British nationals will potentially lose access to pension entitlement, lose access to health care entitlement, lose access to welfare entitlement and a whole gamut of other issues," he said.

Talks between the British government and the EU on guaranteeing citizens' rights if the U.K. crashes out of the bloc have failed to produce a breakthrough. EU leaders insist the withdrawal agreement can't be chopped into chunks — Britain must accept all of it or none.

Some EU member states have said they will preserve Britons' rights, but only if the U.K. reciprocates. Britain says all EU citizens living in the country can stay, but has not enshrined that right in law.

"People assume it's fine, everything's dandy . citizens' rights, of course they're going to protect them, that goes without saying," Costa said. "But we have no extraterritorial powers to pass legislation to protect British citizens in the EU. That can only be done with an agreement with the EU."

The winner of the contest to become Britain's next prime minister — widely expected to be Johnson — is due to be announced Tuesday.

Costa said whoever wins must ensure citizens' rights are upheld even if there is no Brexit deal.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Friday reiterated the EU's long-held stance that it will not renegotiate the divorce agreement it struck with outgoing British Prime Minister Theresa May.

"The withdrawal agreement is the withdrawal agreement," she said.

"I trust very firmly that Britain will find its way," May said in Berlin at her annual summer news conference. "It is a proud, great nation and it will remain our partner even if Britain is no longer a member of the European Union."

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Jill Lawless in London and Geir Moulson in Berlin contributed to this story.

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Follow AP's full coverage of Brexit and the Conservative Party leadership race at: https://www.apnews.com/Brexit

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